Speaker: Quentin Adam (twitter) is the CEO of Clever Cloud.
HTTP is an old protocol and everybody likes, knows and runs it, it's entirely based on request/response patterns. It has
the four concepts of a verb (
POST, etc), a resource (url), headers and a body. It is heavily extendable as
demonstrated by WebDAV.
It has, by now, several downsides: - the transfer size/overhead is huge - pipelining: We wait for responses before sending new requests which isn't great for performance - cookies are always re-sent
There are many hacks that have become best practices, trying to work around HTTP: - use asset domains to avoid sending fat cookies over and over - use multiple domain names to parallel downloads and enhance performance - bidirectional data stream hacks such as websockets
The draft is by the IETF HTTPbis working group.
- binary protocol
- hard to read, but encrypted compressed HTTP isn't readable either, and wireshark supports HTTP/2
- build only one TCP connection to utilize streams
- no overhead, just frames
- within streams you can prioritize which content you push first
- push resources to cache, too, for better UX
- side note by me: isn't that kind of a security risk?
- headers will be compressed (HPACK) and persisted, for less repetition
- the four concepts remain
- side note: benchmarks say that HTTP/2 is faster in most modern browsers
- negotiate protocol with 101 switching
- already in use for websockets
- but slow, requires two connections
- join TLS and HTTP protocol negotiations: NPN + ALPN